Children need to develop from the inside out. They must learn skills for dealing with the challenges they face at the same time they are gathering information about the world around them. We tell ourselves a lie of convenience when we support the belief that children who can score well on standardized math and reading exams are being equipped for life. Even if we overlooked the shortcomings of testing as a measure of learning, a single-minded focus on reading and math would not be a cure for what ails children in the nation’s poorest-performing schools. Why do leaders try to fool us into believing that it is?  **Full article available to Education Week subscribers